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•Status in Florida: Native

•Size at Maturity: Typically grows 3 to 5 feet tall and wide

•Phenology: Perennial herb with upright stems, trifoliate leaves, and spikes of white pea-like flowers in spring

•Life Cycle: Perennial

•Bloom Season: Spring

•Deciduous, Dioecious, Evergreen: Deciduous

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Well-drained sandy or loamy soils

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.5)

•Moisture Requirements: Drought-tolerant once established, prefers moderately moist soil

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Low tolerance

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Native plant gardens, prairie gardens, naturalistic landscapes

•Maintenance Tips: Low maintenance; prune dead foliage after flowering to maintain shape

•Considerations: Deep taproot makes transplanting difficult; may benefit from staking to support tall flower spikes

•Edible: Not typically consumed

•Medicinal Uses: Historically used by Native American tribes for various medicinal purposes, including as a dye and for treating skin conditions

•Toxicity to Pets: Not known to be toxic

•Florida Native Companion Plant: Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea), butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)

•Wildlife Benefit: Attracts pollinators such as bees and butterflies; provides habitat and food for various insects. Larval host plant for the Wild indigo duskywing and Zarucco duskywing butterflies

White Wild Indigo - Baptisia alba


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