top of page
Western Mayhaw - Crateagus opaca

Western Mayhaw - Crateagus opaca


•Status in Florida: Native to eastern North America, including parts of Florida.

•Size at Maturity: Mayhaw trees typically reach heights of 15 to 30 feet tall and have a spread of 15 to 20 feet.

•Phenology: Deciduous tree with glossy green leaves and clusters of white flowers in spring, followed by small red or orange berries in late summer to fall.

•Life Cycle: Perennial tree

•Bloom Season: Spring

•Deciduous, Dioecious, Evergreen: Deciduous

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Well-drained sandy, loamy, or clay soils

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.0)

•Moisture Requirements: Prefers moist, well-drained soil but can tolerate occasional periods of drought

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Low tolerance

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Wildlife gardens, native plant gardens, edible landscapes

•Maintenance Tips: Mayhaw trees are generally low-maintenance once established. Prune as needed to maintain shape and remove dead or damaged branches.

•Considerations: Some cultivars may be thorny, so handle with care. Mayhaw trees are susceptible to certain pests and diseases, such as cedar hawthorn rust and fire blight.

•Deer and/or Rabbit Resistance: Moderately resistant; typically not preferred by deer or rabbits. May browse.

•Edible: The berries of Mayhaw trees are edible and are often used to make jellies, jams, and sauces.

•Medicinal Uses: Mayhaw berries have been used in traditional medicine for their purported health benefits, including as a source of antioxidants.

•Toxicity to Pets: Not known to be toxic to pets, but ingestion of large quantities of berries may cause gastrointestinal upset.

•Florida Native Companion Plant: Other native trees and shrubs such as beautyberry (Callicarpa americana) and wax myrtle (Morella cerifera)

•Wildlife Benefit: Mayhaw trees provide food and habitat for various wildlife species, including birds and small mammals. This plant provides nectar for pollinators. It is a larval host plant for Gray Hairstreak (Strymon melinus), Red-spotted Purple (Limenitis arthemis astyanax), and Viceroy (Limenitis archippus). Red-spotted Purple and Viceroy rarely use this host plant.

bottom of page