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Toothache Tree, Hercules Club - Zanthoxylum clava-herculis

Toothache Tree, Hercules Club - Zanthoxylum clava-herculis

PriceFrom $10.00

•Status in Florida: Native

•Size at Maturity: Typically grows 15 to 30 feet tall and wide

•Phenology: Deciduous tree with spiny stems and clusters of small yellow-green flowers in spring, followed by red berries

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Well-drained sandy or loamy soils

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5.5-7.5)

•Moisture Requirements: Tolerant of drought once established, but prefers moist soil

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Moderate

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Naturalistic landscapes, woodland gardens, as a specimen tree

•Maintenance Tips: Prune dead or damaged branches as needed, watch for suckers from the base

•Considerations: Spiny stems can be hazardous, plant away from walkways; may spread by suckering

•Edible/Medicinal Uses: Bark and leaves have been used in traditional medicine for toothaches and as a spice; fruits are edible but bitter

•Toxicity to Pets: Not known to be toxic, but spines can cause irritation

•Florida Native Companion Plant: American beautyberry (Callicarpa americana), wax myrtle (Morella cerifera)

•Wildlife Benefit: Provides habitat and food for birds, butterflies, and other wildlife. host plant for swallowtail butterflies, specifically the Giant Swallowtail (Papilio cresphontes) butterfly. Caterpillars of the Giant Swallowtail use the leaves of this plant as their food source.

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