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Size at Maturity: Typically grows up to 2-4 feet tall, forming dense clumps.

Bloom Season: Blooms in late spring to summer, producing yellow to purple flowers.

Native Status to Florida: Native to Florida.

pH Requirements: Tolerant of a wide range of soil pH levels, but generally prefers slightly acidic to neutral soil (pH 6.0-7.5).

Sun Exposure: Thrives in full sun to partial shade.

Salt Tolerance: Moderate salt tolerance.

Moisture Requirements: Tolerant of various soil moisture levels, but prefers well-drained soil.

Wildlife Benefits: Attracts pollinators such as bees and butterflies with its nectar-rich flowers. Provides food and habitat for various wildlife species, including birds and small mammals.

Phenology: Produces spiny, yellow to purple flower heads atop tall stems.

Considerations (if any): Yellow Thistle can be invasive in some areas and may require management to prevent spreading.

Recommended Landscape Uses: Naturalized areas, wildlife gardens, or as part of a native plant landscape.

Toxicity to Pets: Non-toxic to pets according to ASPCA.

Thistle - Cirsium horridulum

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