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•Status in Florida: Native

•Size at Maturity: Typically grows 60 to 80 feet tall with a spread of 30 to 50 feet.

•Phenology: Evergreen tree with large, glossy green leaves and creamy white, fragrant flowers that bloom in late spring to early summer.

•Life Cycle: Perennial tree

•Bloom Season: Late spring to early summer

•Deciduous, Dioecious, Evergreen: Evergreen

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Well-drained sandy, loamy, or clay soils

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.0)

•Moisture Requirements: Prefers consistently moist, well-drained soil, but can tolerate occasional periods of drought once established

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Moderate tolerance

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Specimen tree, shade tree, focal point in landscapes, avenue planting, street tree, park tree

•Maintenance Tips: Moderate maintenance; prune as needed to maintain shape and remove dead or damaged branches; mulch around the base to retain moisture and suppress weeds

•Considerations: Southern Magnolia trees have large, shallow roots that may cause issues with nearby structures and sidewalks if not properly managed.

•Deer and/or Rabbit Resistance: Moderately resistant; typically not preferred by deer or rabbits

•Edible: The young leaves and flower petals of Southern Magnolia are edible and can be used in cooking and teas.

•Medicinal Uses: Traditionally used in folk medicine for various purposes, including as a treatment for anxiety and respiratory ailments.

•Toxicity to Pets: Not known to be toxic to pets, but ingestion of large quantities of leaves or flowers may cause gastrointestinal upset.

•Florida Native Companion Plant: Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana), Wax Myrtle (Myrica cerifera)

•Wildlife Benefit: Provides habitat and food for various birds and insects; the flowers attract pollinators such as bees and beetles.

Southern Magnolia Tree - Magnolia grandiflora

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