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Red Buckeye, scientifically known as Aesculus pavia, is a stunning native shrub or small tree prized for its vibrant red flowers and ornamental foliage. A deciduous shrub or small tree that typically grows to heights of 10 to 20 feet tall with a similar spread. It features a rounded crown and multiple trunks, adorned with palmately compound leaves consisting of 5 to 7 leaflets. In early spring, before the leaves emerge, the shrub produces erect panicles of showy, tubular red flowers that are highly attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies. The flowers are followed by smooth, round fruits that contain shiny brown seeds.

Growing Conditions:

- Thrives in moist, well-drained soil with moderate fertility.

- Prefers partial shade to full sun, though it can tolerate some shade.

- Hardy in USDA zones 4-9, making it adaptable to a range of climates.

- Drought-tolerant once established but benefits from regular watering, especially during dry spells.


- Prune lightly as needed in late winter or early spring to shape the shrub and remove any dead or diseased branches.

- Mulch around the base of the plant to conserve moisture and suppress weeds.

- Fertilize in spring with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to promote healthy growth and flowering.

Wildlife Attraction:

- The flowers of Red Buckeye are highly attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators, enhancing biodiversity in the garden.

- Provides habitat and food for various species of birds, which feed on the seeds.

- The dense foliage offers shelter and nesting sites for small birds and other wildlife, adding to the ecological value of the landscape.

Beauty, wildlife habitat, and seasonal interest to your landscape with Red Buckeye – a versatile and attractive native shrub that's sure to make a statement in any garden or natural area.

Red Buckeye, Aesculus pavia

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