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•Status in Florida: Native

•Size at Maturity: Typically grows 40 to 60 feet tall and 30 to 50 feet wide

•Phenology: Deciduous tree with smooth gray bark, alternate simple leaves, and small greenish flowers followed by small berries

•Life Cycle: Perennial tree

•Bloom Season: Spring

•Deciduous, Dioecious, Evergreen: Deciduous

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Well-drained sandy, loamy, or clay soils

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.5)

•Moisture Requirements: Tolerant of a wide range of moisture levels, from dry to moist soils

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Low tolerance

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Shade tree for parks, streetscapes, and naturalistic landscapes

•Maintenance Tips: Low maintenance; prune dead or damaged branches as needed; watch for pests such as hackberry nipple gall

•Considerations: Can attract wildlife such as birds and squirrels; may produce a messy fruit drop

•Edible: The berries are edible for humans and wildlife, though not typically consumed by humans

•Medicinal Uses: No significant medicinal uses for humans, though some Native American tribes used parts of the tree for medicinal purposes

•Toxicity to Pets: Not known to be toxic to pets

•Florida Native Companion Plant: Sweetbay magnolia (Magnolia virginiana), yaupon holly (Ilex vomitoria)

•Wildlife Benefit: Provides habitat and food for birds and small mammals; supports a variety of insects

•Caterpillar Host Plant: The hackberry emperor butterfly (Asterocampa celtis) uses Celtis laevigata as a host plant for its caterpillars.

Hackberry - Celtis laevigata

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