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Firebush - Hamelia patens

Firebush - Hamelia patens

PriceFrom $10.00

•Status in Florida: Native

•Size at Maturity: Typically grows 4 to 8 feet tall and wide, with a moderate growth rate.

•Phenology: Evergreen shrub with opposite leaves and tubular orange to red flowers in terminal clusters.

•Life Cycle: Perennial

•Bloom Season: Spring to fall, with peak bloom in summer and fall.

•Deciduous, Dioecious, Evergreen: Evergreen

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Well-drained sandy or loamy soils

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.0)

•Moisture Requirements: Prefers moderately moist soil, but can tolerate drought once established

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Moderate tolerance

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Butterfly gardens, pollinator gardens, native plant gardens, hedge or screen plantings, wildlife habitats

•Maintenance Tips: Prune as needed to maintain shape and remove dead or damaged branches. Firebush may benefit from occasional fertilization to promote healthy growth.

•Considerations: Firebush is generally pest and disease resistant but may be susceptible to scale insects and sooty mold. Some cultivars may be thorny.

•Deer and/or Rabbit Resistance: Moderately resistant; typically not preferred by deer or rabbits.

•Edible: The ripe berries of Firebush are edible, but they have a bitter taste and are not commonly consumed.

•Medicinal Uses: Traditionally used in folk medicine for various purposes, including as a treatment for skin conditions and gastrointestinal issues.

•Toxicity to Pets: Not known to be toxic to pets, but ingestion of large quantities of berries may cause gastrointestinal upset.

•Florida Native Companion Plant: Beautyberry (Callicarpa americana), coontie (Zamia integrifolia)

•Wildlife Benefit: Firebush provides nectar for butterflies, hummingbirds, and other pollinators. The berries are eaten by birds and small mammals.

•Caterpillar Host Plant: Firebush is a host plant for the caterpillars of various butterflies, including the Dorantes longtail (Urbanus dorantes) and the fiery skipper (Hylephila phyleus).

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