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Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

Buttonbush, Cephalanthus occidentalis

PriceFrom $10.00

Status in Florida: Native

•Size at Maturity: Typically grows as a large, multi-stemmed shrub or small tree, reaching heights of about 6 to 12 feet tall and spreading 6 to 12 feet wide.

•Phenology: Deciduous shrub with opposite, glossy green leaves and spherical clusters of small, fragrant white flowers that bloom in summer.

•Life Cycle: Perennial

•Bloom Season: Summer

•Deciduous, Dioecious, Evergreen: Deciduous

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Moist to wet soils; tolerant of various soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soils

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5.5-7.5)

•Moisture Requirements: Requires consistently moist to wet soil; tolerant of periodic flooding

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Low tolerance

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Wetland gardens, rain gardens, pond margins, stream banks, wildlife gardens

•Maintenance Tips: Moderate maintenance; prune back as needed to maintain shape and remove dead or damaged branches; may benefit from occasional fertilization with a balanced fertilizer

•Considerations: Buttonbush is highly attractive to pollinators and provides important habitat and food for various wildlife species.

•Deer and/or Rabbit Resistance: Moderately resistant; typically not preferred by deer or rabbits

•Edible: The seeds of Buttonbush are not typically consumed by humans but are eaten by birds and other wildlife.

•Medicinal Uses: Historically used in traditional medicine by Native American tribes for various purposes, including as a treatment for fevers and skin ailments.

•Toxicity to Pets: Not known to be toxic to pets, but ingestion of large quantities of plant material may cause gastrointestinal upset.

•Florida Native Companion Plant: Swamp Milkweed (Asclepias incarnata), Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis)

•Wildlife Benefit: Attracts a wide variety of pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds; provides habitat and food for birds, insects, and other wildlife.

•Caterpillar Host Plant: Buttonbush is a host plant for the caterpillars of various moth species, including the Buttonbush Moth (Ametris spp.) and the Buck Moth (Hemileuca spp.).

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