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Black Titi, scientifically known as Cliftonia monophylla, is a charming native shrub prized for its attractive foliage, delicate flowers, and adaptability to wetland environments. Typically grows to heights of 6 to 12 feet tall with a similar spread. It features a dense, rounded form with arching branches adorned with leathery, dark green leaves that are simple and lance-shaped. In late spring to early summer, the shrub produces clusters of small, fragrant white flowers that attract pollinators such as bees and butterflies. The flowers are followed by small, dark brown fruit capsules that persist into winter, adding seasonal interest to the landscape.

Growing Conditions:

- Thrives in moist to wet soil, making it ideal for rain gardens, stream banks, and other wetland areas.

- Prefers full sun to partial shade, though it can tolerate some shade.

- Hardy in USDA zones 7-10, making it adaptable to a range of climates.

- Drought-tolerant once established but benefits from regular watering, especially during dry spells.


- Prune lightly as needed in late winter or early spring to shape the shrub and remove any dead or diseased branches.

- Mulch around the base of the plant to conserve moisture and suppress weeds.

- Fertilize in spring with a balanced, slow-release fertilizer to promote healthy growth and flowering.

Wildlife Attraction:

- The flowers of Black Titi are highly attractive to pollinators, including bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, enhancing biodiversity in the garden.

- Provides habitat and food for various species of birds, which feed on the seeds and use the shrub for nesting sites.

- The dense foliage offers shelter and cover for small birds and other wildlife, adding to the ecological value of the landscape.

Add beauty, wildlife habitat, and resilience to wetland areas with Black Titi – a versatile and attractive native shrub that's sure to make a lasting impact in any garden or natural area.

Black Titi, Cliftonia monophylla


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