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•Status in Florida: Native to NE US

•Size at Maturity: Bee Balm is a perennial herbaceous plant that typically grows to heights of 2 to 4 feet tall with a spread of 1 to 2 feet wide.

•Phenology: Bee Balm produces clusters of tubular, lavender to pink flowers with distinctive bracts.

•Life Cycle: Perennial

•Bloom Season: Bee Balm blooms from late spring to early summer, with peak bloom occurring in summer.

•Deciduous, Dioecious, Evergreen (if applicable): Deciduous

•Sunlight Requirements: Full sun to partial shade

•Soil Texture: Well-drained, fertile soil; Bee Balm prefers soil with good drainage.

•Soil pH: Tolerant of a wide range, but prefers slightly acidic to neutral (pH 6.0-7.0)

•Moisture Requirements: Moderate moisture; Bee Balm prefers evenly moist soil but can tolerate brief periods of drought once established.

•Tolerance to Salt Spray: Low tolerance

•Recommended Landscape Uses: Bee Balm is commonly used in pollinator gardens, butterfly gardens, and native plant landscapes. Its aromatic flowers attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

•Maintenance Tips: Bee Balm requires moderate maintenance. Deadhead spent flowers to prolong bloom time and thin out overcrowded stems to improve air circulation and reduce the risk of powdery mildew.

•Considerations: Bee Balm is valued for its aromatic flowers, which are used in herbal teas and potpourri.

•Deer and/or Rabbit Resistance: Moderately resistant; deer and rabbits may occasionally browse on Bee Balm foliage, but it is not typically preferred by these animals.

•Edible: The leaves of Bee Balm are edible and can be used to flavor teas and salads. The flowers are also edible and can be used as a garnish.

•Medicinal Uses: Bee Balm has a long history of medicinal use by indigenous peoples and early settlers. It has been used to treat various ailments, including colds, fevers, and digestive issues.

•Toxicity to Pets: Bee Balm is generally considered non-toxic to pets, but ingestion may cause mild gastrointestinal upset.

Bee Balm, Wild bergamont - Monarda fistulosa, non-native


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